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cgroups Cheat Sheet


lsns                # Show all namespaces
lsns -p <pid>       # Show everything under namespace <pid>

nsenter -t <pid>               # Enter namespace
nsenter -t <pid> -p -r         # Enter pid namespace (-p) and set root dir (-r)
nsenter -t <pid> <cmd>         # Run command in namespace

cgexec -g memory,cpuset:<group name> <command> [<args>]

# Find per process settings
cat /proc/self/cgroup
cat /proc/self/uid_map

Limit resources (source)

# Create sysfs directory first if necessary
echo 5000000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/<name>/memory.limit_in_bytes

Move process to a cgroup

echo pid > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/<name>/cgroup.procs

Systemd and cgroups

To start something in a user slice

systemd-run --user --slice=<name>.slice <command> [<args>]

cgroups version 1 and 2

Determined by kernel parameter (e.g. in your grub config)


value 1 means cgroups v2 is enabled. To check on runtime

grep cgroup /proc/filesystems

which should list a “cgroup2” filesystem when v2 is active