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Packaging Cheat Sheet

Packaging

  • Build Tarballs with XZ: Build different types of tarballs

    make dist            # .tar.gz
    make dist-bzip2      # .tar.bz2
    make dist-lzma       # .tar.lzma
    make dist-xz         # .tar.xz
    
    # Extract with
    tar zxf archive.tar.gz
    tar jxf archive.tar.bz2
    tar Jxf archive.tar.lzma
    tar Jxf archive.tar.xz
    
  • Install Debian package build tools

    apt-get install devscripts build-essential
    
  • Rebuild Debian package (without apt-source)

    mkdir build && cd build
    # Download xxxx.debian.tar.gz from package page
    # Download xxxx.orig.tar.gz from package page (or upstream homepage)
    # Download xxxx.dsc from package page
    
    # Extract/patch package files
    dpkg-source -x <name>.dsc
    
    # Install missing deps reported by
    dpkg-checkbuilddeps
    
    # Build using one of the following
    cd <package source dir>
    debuild -us -uc
    dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc
    
  • Rebuild Debian package (with apt-source)

    mkdir build && cd build
    apt-get source <name>
    apt-get build-dep <name>
    
    # And build
    
  • Patch a Debian package by hand

    # Extract .deb
    dpkg-deb -R <package name> tmp
    
    # Or if -R switch is not yet available
    dpkg-deb -x <package name> tmp
    dpkg-deb -e <package name> tmp/DEBIAN
    
    # Rebuild with
    dpkg-deb -b tmp <package name>
    
  • Debhelper: How to solve when backporting

    dh: Sorry, but 8 is the highest compatibility level supported by this debhelper.
    

    Change the required version in

    echo 8 >debian/compat
    
  • Debian Package Hardening for C/C++
  • AppData freedesktop.org specification: Standard for end user SW description markup.
  • AppData - Validation:

    appdata-validate /usr/share/appdata/myapplication.appdata.xml