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Openshift Cheat Sheet

Client Setup

# Follow instructions from GUI setup and download client
oc login

Settings are stored in ~/.kube/config

CLI Commands

Note: all kubectl commands also work with the oc client.

oc login [<cluster>]
oc projects              # List projects
oc project <project>     # Switch project
oc new-project <project>
oc whoami -t             # Get current session API token

Creating application from remote repo

oc new-app
oc new-app --context-dir=<build dir>

For actual builds from a directory. Careful! If this is a git repo this won’t work as the remote git repo will be used!

oc new-app --name=<application> .
oc start-build <application> --from-dir .    # Force build from dir (even if it is a git repo)
oc start-build <application> -F              # Wait for completion and print full build log
oc start-build <application> -w              # Wait for completion

List available S2I templates

oc new-app --list

Use specific template

oc new-app --template=<template>

Cluster Administration

Removing/Readding nodes

oc adm drain <node>         # Evacuates all pods with replication controllers
oc adm uncordon <node>      # Readd node for pod scheduling

Certificate Management

Custom CA bundle

oc create configmap custom-ca-bundle \
  --from-file=ca-bundle.crt=my_ca_bundle.pem \
  -n openshift-config \
  --dry-run=client -o yaml |
  oc apply -f -

oc patch proxy/cluster \
  --type=merge \

Handling application certificates

# Adding certificate
oc create secret tls <cert name> --cert=<file> --key=<file> -n openshift-config

# List certs
oc get secret | grep ""

Rotating cluster certificate

Disaster recovery

Recover from expired API server certificate

Check the API server logs to detect cert errors

 oc adm node-logs --role=master --path=openshift-apiserver

Security Context Constraints (SCC)

oc get scc                                      # List all SCCs
oc get scc --as system:admin                    # List SCCs for other account

oc adm policy who-can use scc privileged        # Show who is allowed to use a SCC "privileged"

oc adm policy add-scc-to-user anyuid -z runasanyuid --as system:admin      # Allow a user a new SCC

Initial Setup

Commands derived from for Openshift:

Set initial admin pwd

Either use

oc login -u system:admin

or create credential on master

sudo htpasswd -b /etc/openshift/openshift-passwd admin <your_pass>
oc get nodes --no-headers | awk '{print $1}' | xargs -I {} sh -c 'echo {}; oc describe node {} | grep Allocated -A 5 | grep -ve Event -ve Allocated -ve percent -ve -- ; echo'

Creating service accounts

Creating a “root” service account:

oc create serviceaccount <name>
oc adm policy add-cluster-role-to-user cluster-admin -z <name>
oc sa get-token <name>

Working with Templates

Create a template from an existing project

oc export all [-l app=<name>] --as-template my_project >template.yaml

Note that the resulting JSON will have no parameters yet. You’ll have to identify places to replace with parameters (syntax is “${PARAMETER}”) and to declare those parameters.


Configuring Registries

  • (whitelisting/blacklisting external registry domains)
  • (configuring insecure registries)


List effective Corefile

oc get cm/dns-default -n openshift-dns -o yaml

Change config (e.g. add forwarder)

( cat <<EOT
kind: DNS
  name: default
  - name: example-dns
 ) | oc apply -f -


Configure default pull secret

 oc secrets link default <secret name> --for=pull